I agree with John Spencer, motivation is differentiated. We are often overwhelmed by movements searching for the magic bullet that will solve one educational problem or another. It is important to keep our understanding of the varied types of problems confronting us throughout life. Some are simple, others complex, and too many extreme. I have not heard reference to this catagorization in some time. I hope it is still active in educational thinking. It certainly does not seem to resonate in the public’s mind during political discourse. Responding to problems as simple is perceived as demonstrating strength. Responding to problems as complex it thought a mark of thoughtfulness. Confessing that a problem is in fact extreme makes one feel incompetent or ineffectual.
As John Spencer points out, there is no way to parse out a simple motivator for learning, we don’t know all the factors in motivation. We don’t know all the correct responses to the unmotivated. We function by relying on generalizations, yet we must keep in our minds that each person represents a unique extreme problem. I have 21 children to motivate, so I am challenged to arrive at 21 subtly, or dramatically different responses. This is why we persist in saying that a personal relationship between teacher, student, and their family is critical to learning.